Files are just approximations of Pi...

All those files in your computer. What are they exactly? Well, they are just approximations of that wonderful number, pi. Some are good, some are bad, but each file is an approximation. What did I smoke? Nothing... Let me explain.

It is well known that the probability of two integers being coprime is 6/pi2. It can even be proved.

Now, if a file is structured as a list of lines, each line can be seen as a number (a field of bits being a number in base two). Considering the probability for each line to be coprime with the next line, any file provides an approximation of pi. All you have to do to obtain the approximation for a given file is to compute the gcd of quite large numbers.

Here is a Perl script that computes the pi number of a given file.

Of course, the larger and the more random a file is, the better the approximation. For instance, the pi number of my Ph.D. thesis (uuencoded Postscript) is 3.302 (but I am currently writing a research paper with a pi number (at present) equal to 42.001).

The kernel of windoze 98 gives the outstanding approximation of 3.14159265358979323846264338327950. This proves that this program is NOT randomly generated (as many people seem to believe). With a pseudo random (rand48) 10 GB/41943040 lines file (and an optimized C/gmp program to compute the pi number instead of the Perl script), I only got 3.141543785 (and a $1,000 fine from Caltech for wasting 56 hours of CPU time...).

The current record (00/02/18) in the computation of pi is 206,158,430,000 digits. What is funny, is that it only took 37 hours and 21 minutes. However, I don't know what random file they used...

So, what's the best pi file on your machine?

Michel Charpentier <>
Last modified: Wed Nov 29 08:45:02 EST 2000